The Justice Studies Center of the Americas (JSCA) presents the publication Comparative Studies on Civil Justice System Reform in China and Japan, Volume III in the context of the project “Improving access to civil justice in Latin America,” which is financed by Global Affairs Canada (GAC).  

The volume complements the previous installments in this series, which analyze civil justice systems in Germany, Spain and Uruguay (Volume I) and Australia and Canada (Volume II). They were used as reference materials for this study and for the implementation of civil justice reforms in Latin America.


This publication is divided into five sections that present and analyze civil procedure reforms in the People’s Republic of China and Japan, allowing the reader to understand both systems, their main regulatory sources and the guidelines that govern them. Oral hearings, the existence of different types of procedures, collaborative and modern civil execution systems and the dominance of Alternative Dispute Resolution Methods are some of the noteworthy elements of the Chinese and Japanese systems.

These and other points addressed in the publication are meant to arrive at a more rapid, efficient system for administering justice. As such, considering these comparative experience can only have positive outcomes within the reform procedures that are being developed in Latin America.

The research was conducted by Professors Li Xinwei and Marcos Jaramillo, who explored the main civil justice reforms implemented in China and Japan.  Liu Zhewei and Michiyo Maeda examined collective processes and protection of collective interests in China and Japan.

Finally, Caren Kalafatich, an Argentine attorney and researcher, conducted a cross-cutting analysis and identified experiences that may be useful for the issues that Latin America currently faces in the area of civil justice.

Use the link below to download our publication.